In a new report titled "Global Innovation Index 2019" (GII 2019), the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) has examined the status of innovation in 129 countries. Using different criteria such as business complexity, education expenditure and creative outputs in the economy, this report measures the level of innovation in different regions.
Comparing the overall score of countries, reveals that Switzerland is the leader of innovative countries with 67.24 points out of 100 available points. This rank is dedicated to Switzerland for the ninth time, reflecting the country's special attention to innovation. Switzerland is followed by Sweden and the United States scoring 63.65 and 63.73 respectively. The Netherlands, already ranked the second in GII 2018, has fallen to the fourth ranking in GII 2019.
According to the report, despite slower global economic growth rates, innovation, particularly in the Asian region, has been accompanied by significant growth and prosperity. Singapore's presence in the top ten innovative countries in the world is another highlight of the report. With 58.37 points, Singapore ranks eighth in innovative countries higher than Germany. South Korea ranks 11th, China has climbed three steps up to 14th, and India's remarkable progress (a five-step rise from 2018, the highest growth among all countries since 2018) all reflect an improvement in the status of innovation in Asia. It is worth noting that China in 2018, for the first time, was among the top 20 innovative countries in the world, and if this trend continues, it will become one of the world's leading and innovative countries in the next few years. .
In line with the release of the new Global Innovation Index WIPO, Francis Gurry, the organization's director general, emphasized the role of policymaking in promoting innovation, saying that the strong presence of economies such as China and India and their growth in the GII index has completely changed the geography of innovation and that the trend reflects the serious impact of policy actions on the growth and promotion of innovation.
One of the highlights of the new WIPO report is a special chapter dedicated to Iran in which it reviews its experience in developing advanced medical innovations. Iran is in the 61st place with 34.43 points, higher than Brazil, Saudi Arabia, South Africa and Qatar. It should be noted that in the report, the lowest points were also given to Niger (18.13), Burundi (17.65) and Yemen (14.49), which placed them at the bottom of the list of innovative countries in the world. It can be argued, then, that innovation in some economies may have been practically impossible probably due to political instability and the conflicts in these countries.